Corporations like Microsoft and Google rely on artificial intelligence. The AI revolution will transform several industries, eliminating some jobs.
Artificial intelligence has ushered in a new era. Everyday processes in various industries are already made easier or supplemented by AI. The AI also successfully wrote exams at elite universities and created individual works of art or even stories for books. This was made possible by the publicly accessible chatbot ChatGPT.
Another practical example: The series of images in this article consists of AI-generated images. They were created by Dall-E 2, another AI tool from ChatGPT creators OpenAI. The program generates the most precise image instructions using text descriptions to the displeasure of artists.
Tech giants like Microsoft and Google want to get involved in the AI market. In mid-February, Google showed in Paris how their chatbot Bard is intended to revolutionize Internet searches. And Microsoft invested ten billion in the already established technology around ChatGPT. This is intended to pimp Bing’s search engine.
Efficiency through automation
It is expected that there will be jobs in the near future that will be completely changed or even replaced by AI. According to Thilo Stadelmann, Professor at the Center for Artificial Intelligence at the ZHAW, there will be a major shift in the next two years. These are the ten biggest industries being revolutionized:
- IT-Branche: The AI can do the coding or programming almost completely independently. AI algorithms can automate data entry and provide more accurate analysis. Programmers’ work becomes more efficient, so less of it is needed.
- Assembly and production: Automated machines are already being used for this today. Even more complex industrial processes could be optimized through AI. Fitters, technicians and assembly workers are not becoming fewer; on the contrary: Specialists who can handle the new technology are needed.
- Healthcare: AI can support diagnoses, manage medical records and perform medical image analysis. Since there is a major shortage of skilled workers here, AI can cushion this.
- Banking and Finance: Financial transactions, statements, fraud detection or even investment advice could be simplified by AI. AI is also likely to lead to staff cuts at banks.
- Transport and logistics: Self-driving vehicles, drones, and AI onboard computers are being developed and tested. These can support or replace human drivers and pilots.
- Customer Service: AI as advice in online chat already exists today. Virtual assistants could take on even more tasks. Human consultants are only needed for complex inquiries.
- Retail and wholesale: Many self-service checkouts exist in the local shops. That should increase. More efficient and faster systems are increasingly replacing cashiers.
- Education and pedagogy: AI is already helping schoolchildren and students privately. It could also create curricula or optimize and monitor student performance in the future. The same applies here: the teaching profession could be relieved and the shortage of teachers alleviated.
- Advertising and Marketing: Instead of expensive advertising campaigns, AI systems could create personalized advertising and optimize marketing analyses in the future. Advertisers and marketing strategists are affected.
- Law: Legal documents such as legal contracts could be analyzed and created more precisely, quickly and accurately. Lawyers will be relieved, and certain unskilled jobs in law firms will be eliminated.
According to Stadelmann, many professions in the sectors mentioned are becoming so efficient thanks to AI that fewer people are needed for the same work. “A senior software engineer I know now does his job five times faster than before thanks to chatbots,” he says. The upheaval affects lawyers, graphic designers, copywriters, and translators.